The cardiovascular and pulmonary systems are some of the most important and strategic systems that power the entire body. Any problem that touches on these systems to an extent that it interferes with their working can cause major problems in the entire body. Cardiovascular and Pulmonary Rehabilitation is a type of physiotherapy that enables patients suffering from vascular and cardiac problems to recover fast and ensure that their overall quality of life is improved.
The Cardiovascular and Pulmonary Rehabilitation Approach
The entire rehabilitation program includes education, exercise, counseling and support for the patients as well as their families. The cardiovascular and pulmonary rehabilitation team is usually constructed in such a manner that the patient is given holistic attention. Typically included in the team are respiratory therapists, the participant, the family, nurse, dietician, psychologist, exercise specialist, pharmacist and in some cases a religious person.
This team approach is deliberately used to enable the participants to achieve accelerated healing and independence through risk-factor modification, exercise and education. The approach is also customized to cater for the individual needs of the participant.
The Role You Have to Play
In any physiotherapy process, you have a role to play as the participant. This is because you are the central point of focus and the ultimate beneficiary of the entire regime. There is no professional who can force you to do exercises and maintain a healthy diet if you are not willing. Some of the things that you have to do include the following:
• Learning about the nature of your condition
• Following the laid out treatment plan
• Report any symptoms that you may experience
• Ask fact finding questions relating to your condition
• Learn what you can do to help your health
Having a support person such as a family member or a spouse can help you achieve tremendous success and a total lifestyle change.
This physiotherapy program is aimed at anyone who is suffering from heart conditions. Some of the problems addressed by cardiovascular rehabilitation include angina pectoris, angioplasty, heart attack, heart failure and coronary bypass surgery. It is a safe method and very effective. It is transformative in that it enables you to become stronger, recover quickly, reduce stress and risk of future cardiac problems. It is not restricted to age. It is normally done through exercise training to strengthen the muscles and improve stamina.
The education and counseling part helps you to learn about your condition and how to conduct yourself to reduce future occurrence of the problem. It is done in three phases. The first phase begins in the hospital, the second phase happens while you are an outpatient while the third and more independent phase is done through a fitness facility.
This targets people with lung problems such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), emphysema or chronic obstructive bronchitis (COB). Just like the cardiovascular rehabilitation, this program is also safe and it helps the participants feel stronger and less stressed. It involves pulmonary system targeted exercises which strengthens the muscles. Also, the participant is educated and counseled on how to take care of themselves. It is usually undertaken in an outpatient setting where the participant is closely monitored and supervised. After this phase, the participant then goes through a maintenance exercise program in a selected fitness facility.
Many people have benefited from cardiovascular and pulmonary rehabilitation and it is highly recommended in order to enhance the quality of life.